Hainan Island, located in southern China, is known for its abundant tropical fruits. The island's warm climate and fertile soil make it an ideal place for the cultivation of a wide variety of delicious and exotic fruits.
The island produces a wide variety of tropical fruits, including well-known fruit varieties such as mangoes, cantaloupes, jackfruits, dragon fruits, rambutans, papayas, guavas, wax apples, pineapples, lychees, bananas, longans, mangosteens, and coconuts. It can be considered a paradise for tropical fruit enthusiasts.
1. Hainan pineapple. Hainan pineapple is known for its sweet and juicy flesh, which has a perfect balance of acidity and sweetness. It is often enjoyed fresh or used in a variety of dishes, including salads, desserts, and juices.
2. Hainan mango. Hainan mangoes are known for their rich flavor and tender flesh. They have a distinct sweetness and a luscious texture that makes them a favorite among mango lovers. Hainan mangoes are often eaten on their own, used in smoothies, or incorporated into fruit salads.
3. Hainan is also famous for its coconuts. The island is home to vast coconut plantations, and fresh coconut water and meat are readily available. Hainan coconuts are loved for their refreshing taste and natural sweetness. The water from young coconuts is often enjoyed as a cooling drink, while the meat is used in various recipes and desserts.
Hainan Coconut Chicken Soup is super recommended by Jenny, which is a delicious and nourishing soup that originates from Hainan. Whole chicken is first simmered in a flavorful broth made with chicken stock, aromatic herbs such as ginger and pandan leaves, and, of course, fresh coconut juice. This combination creates a creamy and fragrant base for the soup. The chicken meat is soft, and the soup is fresh and sweet. If you have the opportunity to try Hainan Coconut Chicken Soup, you will discover a delightful blend of flavors that showcases the best of Hainanese cuisine.
4. Jacketfruits: known as the "Queen of Tropical Fruits". medium sweetness, with a smooth and juicy texture. The meat is delightfully soft, akin to cotton candy, while also exhibiting a creamy sensation. Its consumption evokes a particularly silky and tender indulgence that is exceptionally delightful.
5. Dragon fruits: also known as pitaya, is a tropical fruit native to South America. In recent years, dragon fruit has gained popularity among consumers worldwide, particularly in Asia. Dragon fruit has become a favored fruit due to its unique appearance, delicious taste, and rich nutritional value. There are mainly two types of dragon fruit: red-fleshed and white-fleshed dragon fruit, which differ in terms of appearance, taste, and nutritional composition.
Dragon fruit does indeed have a certain effect in relieving constipation. It is rich in dietary fiber, especially insoluble fiber, which is important for promoting bowel movement and increasing stool volume. Dietary fiber can absorb water and increase the volume in the intestines, thereby promoting bowel movement and reducing the occurrence of constipation. Additionally, dragon fruit is also rich in water content, which helps maintain body hydration and prevent constipation.
6. Rambutans: are delicious with a sweet and sour taste and a subtle fragrance. known as hairy lychee, its texture is similar to that of lychee, but it is crisper compared to lychee, and it is larger with a thin skin. Although it may not be particularly juicy, the flesh has a soft, tender, and smooth texture. Ripe rambutan can have either red or yellow color. It is originally from Malaysia and is currently cultivated in Hainan Island's Baoting and Sanya regions in China.
7. Hainan Guavas: are tropical fruit that has a vibrant red or orange appearance. It usually has orange-red flesh and numerous black seeds. Guava fruits are typically round or oval-shaped. They have a refreshing and juicy texture, with soft flesh and a slightly sweet and tangy taste that leaves a lingering flavor. Hainan guava can be eaten directly or used to make juice, salads, jams, and more. When selecting guavas, it is advisable to choose fruits with intact and brightly colored skins.
8. Wax apples: also called as the "emperor of fruits". It is native to India and Malaysia,. After being introduced to Taiwan by the Dutch in the 17th century, it is now cultivated in various regions of China, including Guangdong, Fujian, Hainan, and Guangxi. Hainan Province ranks second in wax apple production in China, following closely behind Taiwan. A wax apple contains 8 cups of water. Although it is small in size, it has a high water content of up to 90%. The flesh is spongy, rich in moisture, and the skin is thin. Each bite is like bursting a small water-filled bomb, providing a crispy, juicy, and sweet sensation.
9. Hainan Longans: Its fruit is spherical in shape, with thick and resilient skin. The flesh is tender, offering a sweet and slightly acidic taste, along with a unique aroma of lychee. It is rich in vitamin C and anthocyanins, making it highly nutritious.
10. Qiongzhong Green Oranges:Compared to regular oranges, Qiongzhong Green Oranges have finer fibers and a better texture.Grow in the unique soil and climate environment of Qiongzhong County, middle of Hainan. They are known for their plump fruits, green skin, red flesh, thin and juicy peel, and glossy green color. The flesh is fragrant and soft, with a high juiciness and a balanced sweet and sour taste. The fruits are also larger in size.
11. Papayas:Hainan Papaya, with its sweet and tender flesh, is often enjoyed for its beauty and skincare benefits. It is like a sweet little heart in the world of fruits, even smoother than ice cream. It is not an exaggeration to say that the sweet and memorable taste of the Hainan Red Heart Papaya sets it apart as a cherished treasure among exotic fruits and is loved by many. The flesh is red, thick, delicate, sweet, fragrant, soft, and juicy. Unlike other papayas, it naturally ripens on the tree, with many dark seeds. No artificial ripening is required, making it more natural and nutritious. It is a premium variety of papaya.
12. Mangosteens:It is a tropical fruit that resembles a small coconut with white and juicy flesh. It has a sweet and fragrant taste, not only delicious but also rich in nutrients. The skin of mangosteen is brown and purple, and covered in small spikes, which need to be carefully peeled. The flesh of mangosteen is white and similar to lychee, but more delicate and juicy. Mangosteen has a sweet taste, combined with a unique aroma that can be addictive from the very first bite.
13. Lychees:The main areas for lychee cultivation in Hainan are Sanya, Qiongzhong, Ding'an, and Lingao, making it one of the major lychee-producing provinces in southern China. Hainan lychees have a plump appearance, fine and juicy flesh, high sweetness, and no astringency, providing a delightful and refreshing taste.
Overall, Hainan's tropical fruits are a true delight for fruit enthusiasts. They embody the island's natural beauty and diverse agricultural landscape while offering a taste of the exotic and refreshing flavors that the region has to offer.